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Our journey as advocates for regenerative farming in Hong Kong, China




HomelandGreen Limited 


Hilda Chan

Josephine Chen

Sin Ting Lam


Wendy Wong

Daniel Yuen

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Hong Kong, China


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So much or so little have happened since HomelandGreen’s participation of EU Green Week in 2021.   What a contradictory opening!  Well, Hong Kong was very much affected by Covid-19.  Schools suspended; movement limited.  We adapted ourselves to video meetings and discussions.   During this period of social distancing, HomelandGreen strived to continue providing information to the interested parties via online talks and posting, to promote regenerative farming and soil health.  We got connected with Zero Foodprint Asia (ZFPA) and explored collaboration opportunities in Hong Kong and the Greater Bay Area.  Now that we resume normal activities, we quickly got back into action.   So much to do with our limited network, yet it is nonetheless encouraging.

With ZFPA’s crowd funding (elaborate further below), farms pledge to adopt regenerative farming methods.  More farms seek our advice than we could handle (most of us are volunteers). There are some, especially younger, farmers who are more receptive to the scientific approach and the rest are getting interested as they see the results in our experimental farms.  Of course, there are recreational farmers/gardeners who are eager to learn.  HomelandGreen welcomes everyone.   One becomes a better farmer and a better consumer when one appreciates the magic of nature and up-to-date science findings in agriculture.

For more on the background, please refer to Stand 027.


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Collaboration with ZFPA – helping farms to make the switch

ZPFA reached out to HomelandGreen for assistance to launch a Restore project that promotes, amongst others, adoption of regenerative practices in local farms.   The Restore project is funded by ZPFA’s restaurant partners.

Zero Foodprint Asia (ZFPA), an extension of Zero Foodprint (ZFP) in California, is a nonprofit organization mobilizing the food world around agricultural climate solutions. ZFPA hosts a crowdfunding program that gathers funds from member food businesses such as restaurants, cafes, bars and food retailers. Members pledge 1% of every restaurant purchase to ZFPA to fund regenerative farming practices that draw down carbon from the atmosphere and help combat global warming.

                              -- Excerpt from ZFPA Annual Report

Our role in this collaboration

HomelandGreen advises the five local farms receiving the ZPFA Restore Fund with the transition to regenerative farming methods from using the fertilizer trio (chicken manure pellets, bone and peanut meal) to nutrient supplements, such as hydrolysate made from natural material such as fish, nut powder and other residue from food processing.  The goal is to restore the soil microbiome and enhance the nutritional profile avoiding the adverse effects of conventional NPK or organic fertilizers without giving due consideration of their carbon consumption effect in soil.

Throughout the project, we share with the farmers the how-and-why including the science behind it.  This transfer of knowledge helps them to be better informed farmers.  The weekly sharing session brings the participating farmers and the technical assistants of the Restore project together creating an RF community. 

We also help to provide free training for the technical assistants who are responsible for monitoring the farms’ progress.

The Restore project has also acquired various tools including soil penetrometer, soil sample collector, portable soil pH, temperature and humidity meter, various soil and sap ion meters, pH meter, conductivity CEC meter, Brix refractometer, CO2, and chlorophyll meter to collect data.   They are used for progress assessment and fine tuning of daily practice.

Our belief

  • Healthy soil drives healthy plants, but this is only half of the story.
  • Healthy plants enhance soil health. This completes the picture.
  • Farmers should and could grow not just food but food with high nutritional value while improving soil health at the same time.
  • To get to this point, the crops must be healthy with high nutritional profile. At this stage, the plants have both passive and active immunity against pests and diseases.
  • When human and other living beings consume these crops, they get healthier. After all, we are what we eat.

The basic premise of regenerative farming is science and evidence-based, it starts with restoring the vitality of the soil. 

This document (Fundamental Principles of RF practices.pdf) summarizes the principles and methods HomelandGreen shares with farmers.

Some Tools and tests used in the Restore Project

CO2 meter

Field CO2 meter

Electrical conductivity probe

Moisture meter


Soil cube observation

Soil infiltration test
Plant roots observation

Brix meter

Nitrate meter
Chlorophyll meter

Challenges unique in Hong Kong farms

  • Farm sizes are small and scattered ranging from 1,200 m2 to 25,000 m2. Much smaller than those in North America and Europe.
  • Planting plots or paddocks are short, 3 m to 30 m in length.
  • Intercropping is practiced by default as they are mostly market gardening farms for vegetables. More than 10 types of crops are grown at any time.
  • Paddocks switched between various leafy veggies to fruiting plants such as eggplants, tomatoes, peppers, gourds/melons and corns.
  • The F:B ratio requirements for these crops are different. The new crop has an easier time if the F:B ratio is similar to the previous crop.  It is observed that corns on paddocks that previously grow leafy veggies take longer to establish.   The farmers need to adjust the soil microbiome mix before planting to ensure the corns grow to their full potential early on.  Unfortunately, most farmers are not aware of this and commonly falsely resort to applying more fertilizers.
  • Brassicas including Chinese kale and Choy sum are veggies of choice here in Hong Kong. It is a challenge to grow brassicas in the humid and hot summer season resulting in reliance on fertilizers and pesticides.
  • Cultural practices such as intercropping and crop rotation without considering F:B ratios requirement of crops yields hit-and-miss results. Crops may show sign of poor health with increased abiotic stress. 
  • Soil pH is also driven by F:B ratio. No wonder some crops adapted to high F:B ratio prefer low soil pH (acidic) and low F:B ratio prefer neutral to higher soil pH (slightly alkaline; more lignin)

Other fronts

A farm visit focusing on soil

(A video of the farm visit)

Composting workshop

Composting workshops

Preparing fish hydrolysate

Video on fish hydrolysate making.MP4

Providing consultation for student research project

Workshop on regenerative practices

Video on workshop.MP4

June 2023


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Monday, 5 June 2023

0166HKTUTC+8Tuesday, 6 June 202319:0001:00


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