Carbon Sequestration

Exhibitor


Second Sun Systems

Web site : https://climatelaunchpad.org/finalists/second-sun-systems/

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Team

Sukhbir Singh Sokhi
Raj Nidhi Sharma
Dr. Amit Sehgal
Namit Sharma


Location

Ludhiana

India

Summary

South East Asian farmers are burning crops residue in absence of adequate technology. 13915 Gigagrams is burnt in India only. They need technology which is more quick and easy to use than burning and of multipurpose use. Prior art related to converting crops residue in to boiler fuel and bio-waste decomposer manual spray or tractor mounted sprayers are inefficient, too costly and not easy to use. Our aim is to empower farmers with such a simple In-Situ solution that they find burning cumbersome and adopt REGENERATIVE AGRICULTURE for enriching organic carbon in soil and CARBON SEQUESTRATION to combat climate change, boost microbial biodiversity in Rhizosphere to improve crop yield and multipurpose whole year use of farmers. 1 hectare of land produces average 8.5MT of stubble which contains 48.7% organic carbon, 1.05%  Nitrogen, 0.14% Sulphur, P, Potassium and various other minerals. Our technology would replenish all minerals in to soil to increase  fertility of soil. The soil physical properties viz. soil moisture, temperature, aggregate formation are affected by residue management practices. Surface retention is also act as mulch and mulching play important role in suppression of weeds. Water conservation up to 60%, elimination of smog/pollution of post harvest and ground water pollution are among our major objects.

Presentation

Image gallery

Videos

Further information

Dear All,

I want to draw your kind attention towards the burning of paddy straw that is a big environmental problem of South East Asia. 13915 Gigagrams of paddy straw are burnt annually in India causing chest and lungs related sickness in millions of people mainly in North India. It also deteriorates soil wealth. NASA has captured images of fires from space.

The solution for paddy stubble must be IN-SITU as collecting and transport of stubble is illogical commercially making EX-SITU solutions nonviable and unpractical.

We (Second Sun Systems and IIT Ropar through Pushpinderapl Singh; Ph. D. Project Director, DST TIH - AWaDH (Agriculture & Water Technology Development Hub) Founder / Director, IIT Ropar - Technology & Innovation Foundation ) have joined hands to present a novel solution to a problem that has not been effectively addressed up to now.

Our Vision: Mother Nature has provided us CROPS RESIDUE for regenerating SOIL WEALTH; it must not be burnt; neither in FIELDS nor in BOILERS.

Our aim is to empower farmers with “Stubble decomposing and irrigation spray system” to adopt REGENERATIVE AGRICULTURE for enriching organic carbon in soil and CARBON SEQUESTRATION to improve climate and boost microbial Biodiversity in the Rhizosphere to raise yield. As well as save 60% irrigation water, save air pollution by eliminating Stubble burning, Save water pollution by lowering water seepage in groundwater in fields.  In fact, if the whole of stubble is replenished in the soil then Urea consumption could be cut by 40-50% gradually. 

The system is Multi-functional whole year use for farmers with ROI of 2-3 years making it a commercially viable venture.

Our startup is an effort to limit Global Warming to 1.5°C as per Paris Agreement and IPCC guidelines by 9.74 Million MT of CARBON SEQUESTRATION in the soil in The state of Punjab which is our beachhead market. To draw down 35.064 Million MT of CO2 from the atmosphere by REGENERATIVE AGRICULTURE which would improve the nutritional profile and resilience of crops, Improves microbial biodiversity in the rhizosphere and enhance the fertility of SOIL WEALTH in the State of Punjab that is our beachhead market. Punjab also faces acute depletion of the water table. This technology would save up to 60% irrigation water to save fertile land of Punjab from converting into desert.

 Our technology can be easily replicated to INDIA and SOUTHEAST ASIA for Carbon Sequestration and CO2 drawdown of much larger quantities to improve the climate.

South Pole; an international organization has approved in-principle to provide Carbon Credits to our farmers. It would be a game-changer for our farmers who are struggling to survive as it would open up another revenue stream for them.

All developed nations are emphasizing REGENERATIVE AGRICULTURE for  CARBON SEQUESTRATION to raise organic carbon in the soil which is base for soil fertility.  

In fact BILLIONS of DOLLARS are being spent in the US for this. Please review:  https://impactalpha.com/agriculture-funds-are-investing-billions-to-regenerate-soil-and-communities 

But in India much emphasis is being laid on converting crop residue into boiler fuel which shut chances of Regenerative agriculture and bring farmers out of clutches of Chemical Agriculture.

 Our Solution: Stubble decomposing and irrigation spray system:

Our solution mainly uses bio-waste decomposer developed by Indian Agriculture Research Institute, New Delhi (IARI-PUSA) to decompose agriculture biomass (Rice stubble) into organic carbon. Bio-waste decomposer involves various types of enzymes & a consortium of very effective microbial strains. This is a lyophilized, water-soluble consortium of very high concentration bacteria & fungus, containing a minimum of 1 trillion (1x1012 per gm of the powder ) of effective decomposing microbes. Therefore act very fast to decompose hard & soft parts of rice & wheat straw.

The spray system includes spray nozzles fitted at strategic locations in the field. A tank with continuous stirring apparatus along with a pressure pump is stationed at the central position. Spraying of water or water-soluble Biowaste decomposer or urea or pesticides can be done in 45 minutes in 2 hectares. The smart system can be operated through mobile phone.

Though bio-waste decomposer is available now manufactured PUSA Institute, New Delhi and earlier by Centre for organic farming Gaziabad and some private manufactures like Shri Amrut-Pune, but it has limited reach due to the inability of farmers to spray it in fields as quickly as required. It is also nearly impossible for farmers to collect rice residue by employing big numbers of labor or dump stubble at one place and spray waste decomposer on it. Stubble must not be left to decay itself as decaying of crop residue produce huge amounts of GHGs methane and carbon dioxide which is again harmful to the climate whereas our solution decompose crop residue without emitting any gas with the help of efficient, effortless, and effective spraying of Bio-waste decomposer.

 We are looking to collaborate to enable farmers with such an easy-to-use solution that they find burning cumbersome.

We request for collaborations to end the the stubble burning but use it for carbon sequestration to improve the fertility of soil wealth. 

I hope  international acknowledgment to our technology so that we can serve our farmers in best manner.

Partnerships

Clients / Target group

Currently we are working in state of Punjab which is our beachhead market. In Punjab our target beneficiaries from our technology are 7.06 Lakh (0.706 Million) 64,6% mid sized farmers of Punjab who hold land above 2 hectares.

Benefits of farmers: 

  1. Stubble decomposer spray: Though waste decomposer is still present but mountainous task of spraying manually has barred farmers from  using it. Our system can spray it effortlessly, effectively and economically to provide much needed carbon sequestration.
  2. Carbon Sequestration- (To save Fertilizer cost): Cost of spraying of Stubble decomposer is approx. INR 500/-per 2 hectares. But According to  some studies of various alternatives to the burning of stubble, incorporation of farm yield residues into the soil in the paddy and wheat cropping  system seems to be the best strategy (Sood, 20155), as incorporation of the straw into the soil eventually enhances soil fertility. Stubble compost  contains 1.7 to 2.1% of nitrogen, 1.5% phosphorous, and 1.4 to 1.6% potassium, which improve crop yield by 4 to 9% (Sood, 20155). All these  microbes have anti pathogen characteristics to check growth of harmful pests & diseases. Farmers can earn CARBON CREDITS by this technology for which we have contacted South Pole.
  3. Air Pollution :  PM 2.5, 10 and CO, CO2, SO2, SO2 gases causing significant global warming and acid rain, SMOG gases are abolish able.
  4.  Soil wealth replenishment:  Continuous use of Bio-waste decomposer boosts microbial Biodiversity in Rhizosphere to improve fertility of soil  wealth which results in improved Crop Yield. 4 Mt of Carbon Sequestration per hectare with Intangible benefits are replenishing of other Minerals  to give 37% increase in Crop Yield than burning. This decomposed waste starts to give benefit to the next crop of same year like wheat followed by rice and  vice versa. Mulching too lowers weed germination for benefit farmers by less investment on weedicides.
  5. Soil Pollution: Burning of straw damage soil, burn micronutrients, and kill friendly incest. These all would be saved with our technology.
  6. Ease of Doing : Our system enables farmers with fastest possible spray of Biowaste Decomposer. System is designed in a way that  only 1 person can spray 2 hectares in just 45 minutes. Even larger area like 10 hectares can be sprayed in maximum 2 hours by 1 one  person only. All needed is just 1 push of starter and spray is done.
  7. Irrigation: To irrigate fields replacing flood irrigation to save 60% water; precisely 216 cubic liters for 1 inch deep surface irrigation. Thus 60%  saving electricity cost for farmers and nation. Saving water is of paramount importance for north Indian states where water table has drastically  gone down. Down fall in water table is 33-50 cm/year in Punjab.
  8. Water Pollution: The continues use of Bio-waste decomposer improves water holding capacity of soil which lower water seepage  to ground. Thus saving drinking water stream from pollution.
  9. Fertilizer spray: To spray fertilizer like urea to save labor cost and achieve homogeneous spray. Saving of Rs 2500 (US $35) per hectare.
  10. Pesticide spray: To spray pesticides and weedicides to save labor cost and achieve homogeneous spray as compared with  manual spraying and small spraying equipment. Saving of Rs 2500 (US $35)  per hectare.
  11. Frost Biting: The system can save crops from fog-frost which is deposited on leaves to harm crops like potato in winter season.  One push of starter enables farmers to spray water on in 45 minutes on 2 hectares in chilly winter nights to ease out the job and  improve Crop Yield.
  12.  Smart controls of machine can also accommodate square, rectangle or odd shapes of fields to irrigate or spray effectively in  whole field.
  13. More output from same piece of land as land consumed in water ways can also be used to for cultivation.The system would boost Crop Yield in fields as when would spray water on crops; water would wash leaves. Washed leaves  would perform photosynthesis more effectively.
  14.  Seed Germination: The sprinkler system often ensures adequate seed germination with only one light application of water after seeding.
  15. Cooling of crops: Temperatures above 35°C may cause blossom drop of yield up to 50 % in many crops. Sprinkler system will bring down the ambient air temperatures and leaf temperature by 5°C or more thus crop losses can be minimized.
  16. Reduces pest and insects attack: Pests and insects get washed away during rain gun irrigation.

Farmers are in state of Punjab which is our beach head market.

We have now joined hands with farmers organisations like  Khet Virsat Mission, Progressive farmers forum and others who have 10000+ active members.

Established collaborations and partnerships

We have forged MOU with IIT Ropar to conduct trials and get their backing for our technology. IIT Ropar is premier Institute of state of Punjab that hold respectable position for their cutting edge research. Prof. Pushpinderapl Singh; Ph. D. Project Director, DST TIH - AWaDH (Agriculture & Water Technology Development Hub) Founder / Director, IIT Ropar - Technology & Innovation Foundation )  is the responsible for our project at IIT Ropar. They may be reached at https://www.iitrpr.ac.in  

We are in advanced talks with Sharda University too for the doing trials -validation and recommendation of our technology to the farmers of state of Uttar Pardesh which is another big Indian state producing 15 Million MT Rice.  We are in talks with  Dr. Amit Sehgal, Director, Sharda Launchpad Federation, Sharda University  Plot No. 32-34, Knowledge Park III, Greater Noida - Pin 201306  www.sharda.ac.in https://launchpad.sharda.ac.in

These two organizations are sharing common goal with us for enhancing farmers income and as well as saving our environment and most importantly enriching soil wealth so that our future generation too can rely upon it.

We have also contacted South pole, An international organization engaged in Carbon Credits to prevent  climate change. They have in-principle accepted our technology and ruled that they want to promote us. But they wish that we could operate in much larger areas.

Desired collaborations and partnerships

We want to collaborate with financial organisations  who can help us to expand our network so that we can bring more and more farmers onboard. The more we expand the more we can associate with organisations like South Pole which can help our farmers with monetary gains and we can finally achieve our objective of to limit Global Warming to 1.5°C as per Paris Agreement and IPCC guidelines by 9.74 Million MT of CARBON SEQUESTRATION in soil in State of Punjab. To draw down 35.064 Million MT of CO2 from atmosphere by REGENERATIVE  AGRICULTURE which would improve nutritional profile and resilience of crops, Improves microbial biodiversity in rhizosphere and  enhance fertility of SOIL WEALTH in State of Punjab. 

The Financial Organisations would get strong foot hold in growing financial success of our startup as very soon 0.7 million farmers of Punjab would be using our technology and these financial organisations can also fulfill their dream to help to stop climate change. 

We want to collaborate with organizations in field of carbon sequestration as we want more research about Bio-waste decomposer so that it can be made more effective for the in-situ decomposition of stubble. It may help us to achieve our mission:   Mother Nature has provided us CROPS  RESIDUE for regenerating SOIL  WEALTH; it must not be burnt; neither in  FIELDS nor in BOILERS.

The said organisation  would get involved where huge quantities of the product-bio waste decomposer would be used. 

Time for discussion (Video Chat)

During the indicated periods, one of the team members is available for a chat.


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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
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11:0002:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105
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11:0002:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105
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14:0005:00Sukhbir Singh Sokhihttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
































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Events


Stand NoTime zone+/-UTC

Date

Start local time (hh:mm)

Duration (hh:mm)Description

Video link

105IST5,5

 

14:0001:00Bio waste decomposer https://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105IST5,5

 

14:0001:00Using stubble for carbon Sequestrationhttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105
105IST5,5

 

14:0001:00Water conservation through rain gun irrigationhttps://meet.lax.init7.net/4p1000stand105

Click here to view the corresponding time in your zone.


2 Comments

  1. Thank you for sharing with everyone the work you are doing with carbon sequestration in India. I would like to invite you to visit our Stand 19 - Agripower Australia, to learn about the benefits that silicon fertiliser has for conservation agriculture, soil and plant health, and carbon sequestration. Please leave a message for us if you would like to meet and talk more! www.agripower.com.au

  2. Good evening. I am Dr. Nandini from BAIF Development Research Foundation, India. We are representing our work on 'Soil restoration for achieving sustainable livelihoods, climate change adaptation and mitigation' through stand no 37. Please visit our stand and join our event on 18-05-2021 between 14.00 to 15.00 IST.
    The topic for the event is 'Tree based farming system (Wadi)'. BAIF Development Research Foundation in partnership with farming families, has evolved and promoted “Tree Based Farming System” popularly known as “Wadi”. The Wadi model has been widely adopted by more than 0.45 million families in 25 states of India. This has resulted in significant increase in farm income, reduction in distress migration, better nutrition and improved quality of lives of the participating families. The programme interventions have resulted in various environmental benefits including improved biodiversity and substantial sequestration of carbon in soil and wood biomass. This session aims at sharing the details of the Wadi model and our experience pertaining to it.